For Lyotard, rejecting metanarratives, like macro modernist theories like Marxism but also scientific theories, means that religion is just another narrative, competing with all the others. While, to the religious this seems to undermine and minimise religion, it is in fact a challenge to secularisation theory, because it is saying religious “truths” are as true as scientific ones.
This essay will compare and contrast a structuralist and interpretivist stance on the impact of religion on society, the theorists that will be employed are Karl Marx and Max Weber. Max Weber’s main analysis of religion helped in creating the spirit if capitalism depicted by Protestantism where the ideal is to live a productive life (Roberts, 2003).
This essay reviews past classical Marxist efforts, and evaluates newer, neo-Marxist1 critiques that take account of the continuing importance of ethnic groups in capitalist societies. It is the persistence of ethnicity in contrast to its predicted decline that makes the issue so critical to contemporary Marxist sociology.
Most feminists argue along similar lines to functionalists and Marxists that religion acts as a conservative force, maintaining the status quo. For feminists, that status quo is a patriarchal society. Simone De Beauvoir (1953) took a very similar view to traditional Marxists, only instead of seeing.
Sociology is the study of human social behaviour and its origin, organisations, developments and institutions. The subject matter on sociology can vary from family to the state, crime to religion, shared beliefs to common culture, division of race and social class or even stability to radical changes in the society and much more.
Karl Marx’s theory of socialism described clearly the social hierarchy that existed between different classes of people. This theory is commonly referred to as Marxist social hierarchy and has an everlasting impact on the field of sociology.
In contemporary sociology, the concept of identity allows humans to be seen as taking an active role in their lives within the cultural constraints of the society they live in. Early, sociologists, such as Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Auguste Comte and Max Weber were interested primarily in social class identities.
Marxist view of the Family Marxists believe that the family serves Capitalism in four ways. The family socialises children - reproducing labour power and performing an ideological function, in which there is an acceptance of capitalism (false class consciousness). Women’s domestic work is unpaid which aids Capitalism. The family acts as a safety valve.